Gunung Ledang (Mount Ophir)

Lieutenant James George, an amateur artist, was part of Governor-General Lord Minto’s British expedition to the region in early 19th century. The 15th century Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals) references the mountain in Legenda Puteri Gunung Ledang (Legend of the Princess of Mount Ophir). The mountain was historically used as a navigational marker as it can be seen from afar. The dating of this work to 1815 is significant for its portrayal of Malacca as a trading port in the region. It contextualises Singapore’s establishment as a British settlement in 1819 within the broader history of the Straits Settlements.