Night-time view of Orchard Road at the Scotts Road end

Prominent landmarks shown in this picture of Orchard Road include (clockwise, from left to right): the Scotts shopping complex with the Ascott residences above it, completed in 1983 and owned by the Jumabhoy family; the Dynasty Hotel with its oriental green-tiled roof atop the similarly oriental-themed Tangs Store, opened in 1982; the Lucky Plaza office, residential and shopping complex with its tower block atop a podium built in 1981 by property developer Far East Organization; the Mandarin Hotel with its distinctive saucer-shaped tower, opened for business in 1971; and the Wisma Atria shopping-cum-office complex (under construction), officially opened in 1986 on the site where the Wisma Indonesia complex, which housed the Indonesian Embassy, once stood.Orchard Road, located in the central region of Singapore, began as a small country lane in the 1830s surrounded by nutmeg plantations, with spice gardens, pepper farms and fruit tree orchards later sprouting up in the area. Its name was thought to have been derived either from the orchards that once flanked either sides of the lane, or from a Mr. Orchid, who was a plantation owner in the area. By 1860, there were only a few nutmeg plantations left in the area following the worldwide drop in nutmeg prices. The areas surrounding Orchard Road were subsequently developed for residential purposes, with private houses and bungalows common along nearby Scotts and Tanglin Roads. One of the first major retailers to setup shop in the area was the Singapore Cold Storage, which opened a grocery shop along the street in 1905. However, major development of the area only began in the 1960s and by the 1970s, Orchard Road had been transformed into the tourist and shopping belt it is today.