Orchard Road at the Scotts Road end

Prominent landmarks shown in this picture of Orchard Road include (clockwise, from left to right): the oriental-style Dynasty Hotel and Tangs Department Store, opened in 1982; the Lucky Plaza office, residential and shopping complex with its tower block atop a podium, built in 1981 by property developer Far East Organization; the 20-storey Tong Building with its distinctive black facade; the construction sites of what would become the Promenade and Paragon shopping centres and the Crown Prince Hotel; the Mandarin Hotel with its distinctive saucer-shaped tower, officially opened in 1971; the ten-storey Ngee Ann Building, which was demolished in 1985 to make way for the Ngee Ann City shopping-cum-office complex; the Wisma Indonesia, also known as Indonesia House, built in 1964 to serve as the Indonesian Embassy and demolished in 1983 to make way for the Wisma Atria shopping-cum-office complex; and the colonial-style barracks of the Orchard Road Police Station, which was eventually cleared in 1982 to make way for the Orchard station of the Mass Rapid Transit train network.Orchard Road, located in the central region of Singapore, began as a small country lane in the 1830s surrounded by nutmeg plantations, with spice gardens, pepper farms and fruit tree orchards later sprouting up in the area. Its name was thought to have been derived either from the orchards that once flanked either sides of the lane, or from a Mr. Orchid, who was a plantation owner in the area. By 1860, there were only a few nutmeg plantations left in the area following the worldwide drop in nutmeg prices. The areas surrounding Orchard Road were subsequently developed for residential purposes, with private houses and bungalows common along nearby Scotts and Tanglin Roads. One of the first major retailers to setup shop in the area was the Singapore Cold Storage, which opened a grocery shop along the street in 1905. However, major development of the area only began in the 1960s and by the 1970s, Orchard Road had been transformed into the tourist and shopping belt it is today.