Talismanic prayer scroll

This prayer scroll is written in naskh and muhaqqaq scripts. There are magic squares and roundels containing prayers. It features various Qur’anic verses and pious formulae arranged in a variety of compositions. Such talismanic scrolls would have been rolled and carried on one's person for protection. Naskh is a popular script for copying manuscripts and the Qur'an. The muhaqqaq script which means 'certain' or 'distinct', is one that is very stately, with shallow downward curves.