1. National Monuments are structures and buildings that possess national, historical, social and architectural merit, and are protected by the Preservation of Monuments Act.
    The Museum Roundtable (MR) comprises a collective of over 50 public and private museums, heritage galleries and unique attractions in Singapore.
    Marked Historic Sites are historically significant places associated with important events, communities or personalities.
    This section covers buildings, structures, sites and landscape features in Singapore of architectural, historical or cultural interest.



42 results found.

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Tanglin Village


    The former Tanglin Barracks and Tanglin Officers’ Mess are situated on the site of a former nutmeg estate which was known as Mount Harriet in 1850s. The plantation was co-owned by British Colonial Treasurer William W. Willans and Hoo Ah Kay (also known as Whampoa). The site was selected by Captain George Collyer of the Madras Engineers to house the British reinforcement troops that were deployed to Singapore to strengthen its defence. The site was eventually purchased for $25,000 Spanish dollars in 1860 for British military use.

  • Changi Prison Gate Wall and Turrets

    Changi Prison Entrance Gate and Wall

    Changi Prison was designed to be a maximum security prison to house up to 600 criminals sentenced to long-term imprisonment in British Singapore. The remaining structures of the original prison – the entrance gate, wall and turrets – stand as an enduring symbol of the suffering of those who defended Singapore and the tumultuous years of the Japanese Occupation (1942-1945).

    National History, War
  • Civilian War Memorial

    Civilian War Memorial

    This is the first memorial in Singapore dedicated to the civilian victims of the Japanese Occupation (1942–1945). It calls to mind the shared sufferings of the various ethnic communities in Singapore, and the ardent hope that locals had after the war to rebuild their homes.

    War, Architecture, National History
  • Execution of Captured Rimau Commandos Historic Marker

    Execution of Captured Rimau Commandos

    Operation Rimau (“tiger” in Malay) was the second Allied commando attack that targeted Japanese ships in Keppel Harbour. It took place from late September to early October 1944 during the Second World War. Unlike the first attack (Operation Jaywick on 26 to 27 September 1943), Operation Rimau failed as the commandos were spotted by the Japanese. Thirteen of them were killed in action and 10 others were captured, tried without defence and beheaded near Dover and Clementi Roads.

    War, National History
  • Keppel Harbour

    Keppel Harbour

    Keppel Harbour has been a thriving maritime gateway for international trade since the late 19th century. It was originally known as New Harbour and was renamed in honour of Admiral Henry Keppel in 1900. From 1939 to the early 1940s, Allied soldiers came through this harbour to strengthen the defence of Singapore and the rest of Malaya. Thousands of civilians and troops made their escape through Keppel Harbour before Singapore fell on 15 February 1942. During the Second War World, Allied commandos carried out Operation Jaywick (26 to 27 September 1943) and destroyed seven Japanese ships that were stationed at Keppel Harbour.

    War, National History
  • Fort Canning Command Centre

    Fort Canning Command Centre

    Fort Canning Command Centre comprises an underground fortress network of bunkers and tunnels. It was constructed in the late 1930s to serve as a combined command and control centre for the British and Allied forces in Malaya. During the Second World War, the Malaya Command planned its military operations in the command centre and it was also the site where Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival and his commanders ultimately decided to surrender Singapore to the Japanese on 15 February 1942.

    War, National History
  • Seletar Airfield

    Seletar Airfield

    Seletar Airfield was the British Royal Air Force’s main base in the Far East, and equipped to protect Singapore’s naval base in Sembawang. On 7 December 1941, an Allied plane that had taken off from Seletar tracked a Japanese fleet heading to Malaya in the South China Sea. Unfortunately, it was shot down before it could file a report. The airfield was targeted during the first Japanese bombing of Singapore on 8 December 1941. After Singapore fell on 15 February 1942, the Japanese took over the airfield and Indian Prisoners-of-War were interned here.

    War, National History
  • Force 136 Historic Marker

    Force 136

    Force 136 was a British secret service team that operated in Malaya during the Second World War. One of the agents was Lim Bo Seng, who led Gustavus V Operation in 1943. His grave is in the vicinity.

    War, National History
  • Withdrawal to Singapore

    Withdrawal to Singapore

    The Causeway, which was completed in 1924, provided a road and rail link between Singapore and the Malayan mainland (today Malaysia). During the Second World War, the last Allied military troops crossed the Johore Straits and withdrew to Singapore via the Causeway on 31 January 1942, after losing the Malayan mainland to the Japanese. Allied military engineers then proceeded to blow up the Causeway in an attempt to slow down the Japanese troops’ advance to Singapore. However, the Japanese repaired the damage and crossed the Causeway into Singapore on 9 February 1942.

    War, National History
  • Esplanade Park Memorials

    Esplanade Park Memorials

    At Esplanade Park are Tan Kim Seng Fountain, the Cenotaph, and Lim Bo Seng Memorial. These three memorials were gazetted collectively as a National Monument.

    Architecture, Culture & Community, War, National History
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